Don't Panic, The Risk of Corona Death Turns Low

In Indonesian, President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) announced two people have contracted the corona virus  on Monday (2/3/2020). The two people affected were a mother and child, aged 64 years and 31 years, respectively. "Checked and this morning I got a report from the Minister of Health (Terawan Putranto) that this mother and her daughter were positively corona," Jokowi said.

The two patients were reported to be infected after direct interaction with Japanese citizens living in Singapore. The Japanese are corona patients in Malaysia. "So it is transmitted ... Japanese citizens," said Terawan. This makes Indonesia the 66th country to report an outbreak that has infected nearly 90 thousand people in the world. While the global death toll from corona reached 3,048.

However, the World Health Organization (WHO) states the death rate due to the corona virus is lower than SARS, which had been epidemic in 2002-2003 and killed nearly 800 people. Reporting from AFP, WHO said, the virus originating from China usually attacks those whose age is over 60 years. Then, this virus also usually attacks those who are suffering from other diseases.

The death rate due to COVID-19 ranges from 2-5%, higher than flu with a mortality rate of 0.1%. However, the figure is lower than the mortality rate on SARS which is 9.5%. Meanwhile, according to research results from the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), mortality rates in patients generally vary by age. Furthermore, the agency said that the victims who died were generally elderly people who had a history of health problems. "About 80% of cases of the corona virus are mild," according to the institute's research, Business Insider reported.

In a study conducted by collecting data from more than 44,000 confirmed patients in China until February 11, the agency concluded that infected victims who had the highest risk of death were those over 80 years old. While patients with a younger age, also have a smaller risk.

The following are the risk of death for patients with COVID-19 for each age group, according to the study:

10-19 years 0.2%
20-29 years 0.2%
30-39 years 0.2%
40-49 years 0.4%
50 -59 years 1.3%
60-69 years 3.6%
70-79 years 8%
80+ years 14.8%

However, this result does not account for cases of death in children under 10 years, which only covers less than 1 % of total patients. The percentage of deaths can also increase, depending on the history of the problem of what diseases the patient has had before For example in patients aged 70-79 years, who have a risk of death of 8%. If the patient has a history of heart disease, the risk of death will increase by about 10%. While for those who suffer from diabetes will have an additional risk of death of about 7%. As of 13:00, based on arcGis data, there were 3,044 deaths due to corona, from a total of 89,072 cases. But there are 45,074 healthy residents.